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Aug 14, 2014

Milleniums AC

Posted By Snow at 8/14/2014

Palmyra, Syria, 2nd Century | UNESCO

During the dawn of the 1st century, I read the Roman Empire was in a period of peace & prosperity - known as Pax Romana. In the 2nd century, there was a wealthy Roman city in Syria called Palmyra - it linked the East (Persia, India, China) & the West (Mediterranean). Perhaps, this is the route map:


The East-West met in Syria

In the 7th century, even Prophet Muhammad - a young man before his prophethood - traded in Syria, bringing caravans from Mecca. So I wonder, was Syria an international trade center, bringing in traders & goods from around the world? ماشاء الله والله أعلم

Still, the Roman Empire met its match in the Persian Empire here. A mark of this rivalry is when the Romans fell to the Persian, in Jerusalem. But they later defeated the Persian & regained Jerusalem. غلبت الروم‏.‏ في أدني الأرض، وهم من بعد غلبهم سيغلبون‏ [Q30:2-6]


The dawn of Islam, 7th century

إذا هلك قيصر فلا قيصر بعده ، وإذا هلك كسرى فلا كسرى بعده
"If Caesar is ruined, there will be no Caesar after him; and if Khosrau is ruined, there will be no Khosrau, after him". [SB8.78.625] & the words of Prophet Muhammad came true - years after he passed away. Both the Roman & Persian Empires fell.

The Umayyad Mosque, Syria

Syria & Jerusalem came under the Muslims. It was the second Caliph, Umar al-Khattab who brought back the Jews into Jerusalem. Then the third Caliph, Uthman bin Affan sent an envoy to China. His family the Umayyad ruled Syria - they built the Dome of Rock. Later after they fell, the Umayyad moved to Spain & established al-Andalus. الحمد لله


The rise of the Mongol Empire, 13th century. Credit: National Geographic 1996

The Ilkhanate

Then from the East came the Mongols & the Abbasid in Baghdad fell. The Mongol conquered cities from Asia to Europe & became the largest contiguous empire in human history. After the conquests, they connected trade cities between the East & the West, and eased trade flows across the empire. This brought a period of peace & prosperity - known as Pax Mongolica.

Eventually, the Mongols in Persia (Ilkhanate) embraced Islam. الحمد لله & the mystery is... did these Mongols influence from the Ottoman, Central Asia, Mughal in India, Sultanate of Malacca, to China? But they're Asians in the Middle East. I'm mystified. (◠v◠)'


Xi'an Mosque
China, 8th

Mezquita
Spain, 10th

Kairaouine Mosque
Morocco, 10th

Qalawun Complex
Egypt, 13th

Mustansiriya Madrassa
Iraq, 13th

Turabeg Khanym
Turkmenistan, 14th

Registan
Uzbekistan, 15th

Taj Mahal
India, 17th

Sultanahmet Mosque
Turkey, 17th
. Jabir Ibn Hayyan (chemistry), 8th
. Al-Khwarizmi (algebra), 8th
. Al-Haytham (optics), 10th
. Al-Biruni (anthropology), 10th
. Avicenna (medicine), 10th
. Ali Al-Abbas (medicine), 10th
. Al-Zahrawi (surgery), 10th
. Al-Sufi (astronomy), 10th
. Al-Khazini (astronomy), 12th
. Rashid Al-Din (history), 13th
. Ibn Battuta (geographer), 14th
. Zheng He (navigator), 15th
Some Islamic architectures & scholars from the West Andalus to the East Mongol | Books الحمد لله



The European Age of Discovery, Around 15th Century | wikipedia


The Portuguese
A Famosa
in Malacca,
built in 1511
Meanwhile, after the fall of Rome, Europe dimmed into the Dark Ages. But they were illuminated again - was it because of knowledge exchanges with the Islamic world? They met in Al-Andalus... Now they look more like Arabs, right?

After the Renaissance, the 15th century Age of Discovery saw the Europeans left the Mediterranean to the West in search of the Spice Route. Were they looking for India, is that why Native Americans are Red Indians? (◠v◠) As they go West, they found the Americas & circumnavigated the Earth.

So the Portuguese trailed Africa, eventually finding Ceylon & Malacca. & they conquered Malacca. After they built the A Famosa fortress, were the traders from Syria shocked & told this tale as the tale of Aladdin? والله أعلم Then in the next centuries - the Portuguese, Spain, British, Dutch, French rose as colonial empires across the world.


After the colonial era, various countries have now achieved independence. But western civilization still influences their present lifestyle, as it was deeply ingrained in their past.

............................................................................................................................


500 Rome, Persia

1000 Arab

1400 Mongol

1700 Ottoman,
Portugal, Spain

1900 Europe

2000 Nations

What happened before all these?
Millenium BC

I seek refuge in Allah SWT from errors.
Only Allah SWT Knows Best والله أعلم

..........................................................................................................................................................................................

2 comments on "Milleniums AC"

Snow on Dec 5, 2014, 12:44:00 PM said...

"During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1628M), muslims in China received good treatment. The Ming emperors elected many muslims, especially as administrators and scholars. The Ming Dinasty welcomed the teachings of Islam, so much its emperor built a mosque in Nanjing and wrote the 100 word praise of Islam...

Under the initiative of Zheng He, the Sultan of Malacca visited the Emperor of China, and returned with muslim craftsmen who assisted in the buiding of mosques in Malacca. With the help of Zheng He, The Emperor of China became the patron of Malacca, thus becoming the patron of the development of Islam as Malacca spreads its empire...

the identitiy of Zheng He is, he is said to be a descendant of Rasulullah (PBUH)... His ancestor is Sayyidina Syamsuddin (Sai-Dian Chi), the son of the Sultan of Bukhara who lost to Gengis Khan. Sayyid Syamsuddin became a prisoner in Peking, but he became elected as Assistant Minister in Yunan. Not only that, he attracted thousands of locals to embrace Islam... Zheng He, the descendant of Rasulullah (PBUH) did not only helped the Sultanate of Malacca in trade, but also maintained peace in the Malay archipelago which helped the spread of Islam."

Ahlul Bait Rasulullah dan Kesultanan Melayu
Muzaffar Mohammad & Suzana Othman, pg 105-107, Malaysia
ISBN 983-3020-01-1

Snow on Jun 6, 2016, 4:54:00 PM said...

The muslims close the Prophet's time were thriving in knowledge, I wish so much for it I could cry. & the Prophet once embraced Ibn Abbas & said "اللهم علمه الحكمة O Allah, teach him wisdom." [SB5.57.100 | The Miracle] ♥

Ibn Abbas is the ancestor of the Abbasid, they built the House Of Wisdom in Baghdad. One of its scholars is Al-Khawarizmi - he is the father of algebra & algorithm is based from his name. Algorithm is the soul of computer technology. الحمد لله


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